In a statement issued today, Tuesday, February 04, Afghan media have called on the Afghan government and international community to protect free press in the country. The Afghan media organizations say the Afghan government has set severe restriction on access to information.        

“Afghanistan has gone backwards when it comes to access to information in recent years. We are deeply concerned about the deterioration of access to government-related information in Afghanistan,” reads the statement which has been signed by 30 media organizations.  

Afghan media face hard time  

Following the fall of the Taliban in 2001, most Afghan media organizations were founded by veteran and young Afghan journalists. Afghan journalists, who have covered Afghanistan in the last 18 years, say Afghan media are now facing a hard time. The journalist community is working under climate of fear—severe restrictions, insecurity, and financial pressure. The Afghan government ostentatiously shows off to support free press in the country although majority of government organizations are reluctant to allow journalists to keep an eye on domestic development and other activities in government organizations.                           

“Despite the fact that Afghanistan is one of the deadliest places to be a journalist, Afghan media is still the freest in the region. But the carelessness of the government has endangered this hard- won achievement,” the statement issued by Afghan media says.

The incumbent Afghan president, Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, signed access to information law, months after he took office in 2014, with an aim to bring more accountability and transparency in government organization.

The law, however, was not put into effect as high-ranking Afghan officials excused to allow Afghan journalists to have access to information.  

“All government institutions have shortcomings when it comes to providing access to information, but the worst ones are: the Supreme Court, the Attorney General’s Office, the National Directorate of Security, the Office of the President and its procurement unit, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the Central Bank, the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Public Health,” according to the statement.

Over last six years, key Afghan ministries were run by caretaker ministers who have been close allies of the national unity government leaders—President Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah. Those caretaker ministers in power were mostly accountable to their bosses, not to the Afghan people and MPs. In this obviously chaotic situation, the Afghan government has maintained a turbulent relationship with free press—in particular when it comes to corruption scandals of high-profile government officials.            

The Afghan media organizations say that the government has a double standard when it comes to implementing the access to information law, and supporting free media. They call on the government, the international community and media organizations to protect press freedom and fledgling democracy in Afghanistan.

International community reacted

The European Union nations, that have been a major supporter of the Afghan government, press and democracy, has expressed full support for free flow of information, calling it crucial for Afghan democracy.

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) has also urged the Afghan government to promote access to information, saying that it will help the country to effectively fight corruption and bring accountability.  

The Afghan journalists have come a long and yet bumpy way to cover a country, which has been the deadliest for reporters. They have paid a huge human cost to keep Afghan voices expressed. In a country where authoritarian leaders and corrupt government officials are trying to act on their own, free journalism is the only resort to promote fight against corruption, bring accountability in government and non-government organizations, and consolidate rule of law.                

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